Online Access to Constitutional Documents

3 Jan 2004 3:30 PM

As Amended and in Force January 1, 2000

This is a copy of the state constitution without annotation found at This site provides a link for each major section or article of the constitution. At the bottom of the link is a download of the Constituion in ZIP format.

This version of Constitution of the State of Hawai`i is made available on this site by the Hawai`i Legislative Reference Bureau as a public service. Neither the State of Hawai`i nor any agency, officer or employee of the State of Hawai`i guarantees its accuracy, reliability, completeness or timeliness, and may not be held liable for any losses caused by any person's or entity's reliance on the Constitution as published here. Users are advised to consult the official published version of the Constitution of the State of Hawai`i, and that any reliance on the Constitution provided here is done at their own risk.

Below are the links to the Articles of the Constitution of the State of Hawaii.

Federal Constitution Adopted
Article I Bill of Rights
Article II Suffrage and Elections
Article III The Legislature
Article IV Reapportionment
Article V The Executive
Article VI The Judiciary
Article VII Taxation and Finance
Article VIII Local Government
Article IX Public Health and Welfare
Article X Education
Article XI Conservation, Control and Development of Resources
Article XII Hawaiian Affairs
Article XIII Organization; Collective Bargaining
Article XIV Code of Ethics
Article XV State Boundaries; Capital; Flag; Language and Motto
Article XVI General and Miscellaneous Provisions
Article XVII Revision and Amendment
Article XVIII Schedule

As Amended and in Force January 1, 1993

Below is an outline of the Hawaiian State Constitution.

Under each Article are section titles with links to wording of that section found at This is an annoted version of the Hawaiian Constitution. Click the "NEXT" button at the bottom of each linked section to see notes, opinions, cases and references by the State Attourney General.

Article I Bill of Rights

1 Political power
2 Rights of individuals
3 Equality of rights
4 Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition
5 Due process and equal protection
6 Right to privacy
7 Searches, seizures and invasion of privacy
8 Rights of citizens
9 Enlistment; segregation
10 Indictment; preliminary hearing; information; double jeopardy; self-incrimination
11 Grand jury counsel
12 Bail; excessive punishment
13 Trial by jury, civil cases
14 Rights of accused
15 Habeas corpus and suspension of laws
16 Supremacy of civil power
17 Right to bear arms
18 Quartering of soldiers
19 Imprisonment for debt
20 Eminent domain
21 Limitations of special privileges
22 Construction
23 Marriage

Article II Suffrage and Elections

1 Qualifications
2 Disqualification
3 Residence
4 Registration; voting
5 Campaign fund, spending limit
6 Campaign contributions limits
7 Resignation from public office
8 General, special and primary elections
9 Presidential preference primary
10 Contested Elections

Article III The Legislature

1 Legislature power
2 Composition of senate
3 Composition of house of representatives
4 Election of members; term
5 Vacancies
6 Qualifications of members
7 Privileges of members
8 Disqualifications of members
9 Salary; allowances; commission on legislative salary
10 Sessions
11 Adjournment
12 Organization; discipline; rules; procedure
13 Quorum; compulsory attendance
14 Bills; enactment
15 Passage of bills
16 Approval or veto reconsideration after adjournment
17 Procedures upon veto
18 Punishment of nonmembers
19 Impeachment

Article IV Reapportionment

1 Reapportionment years
2 Reapportionment commission
3 Chief election officer
4 Apportionment among basic island units
5 Minimum representation for basic island units
6 Apportionment within basic island units
7 Election of senators after reapportionment
8 Staggered terms for the senate
9 Congressional redistricting for United States house of representatives
10 Mandamus and judicial review

Article V The Executive

1 Establishment of the executive
2 Lieutenant governor
3 Compensation: governor, lieutenant governor
4 Succession to governorship; absence or disability of governor
5 Executive powers
6 Executive and administrative offices and department

Article VI The Judiciary

1 Judicial power
2 Supreme court; intermediate appellate court; circuit courts
3 Appointment of justices and judges qualifications for appointment tenure; compensation; retirement
4 Judicial selection commission
5 Retirement; removal; discipline
6 Administration
7 Rules

Article VII Taxation and Finance

1 Taxing power inalienable
2 Income taxation
3 Tax review commission
4 Appropriations for private purposes prohibited
5 Expenditure controls
6 Disposition of excess revenues
7 Council on revenues
8 The budget
9 Legislative appropriations; procedures; expenditure ceiling general fund expenditure ceiling
10 Auditor
11 Lapsing of appropriations
12 Definitions; issuance of indebtedness
13 Debt limit; exclusions

Article VIII Local Government

1 Creation; powers of political subdivisions
2 Local self-government; charter
3 Taxation and finance
4 Mandates; accrued claims
5 Transfer of mandated programs
6 Statewide laws

Article IX Public Health and Welfare

1 Public health
2 Care of handicapped persons
3 Public assistance
4 Economic security of the elderly
5 Housing, slum clearance, development and rehabilitation
6 Management of state population growth
7 Public sightliness and good order
8 Preservation of a healthful environment
9 Cultural resources
10 Public safety

Article X Education

1 Public education
2 Board of education
3 Power of the board of education
4 Hawaii education program
5 University of Hawaii
6 Board of regents; powers

Article XI Conservation, Control and Development of Resources

1 Conservation and development of resources
2 Management and disposition of natural resources
3 Agricultural lands
4 Public land banking
5 General laws required; exceptions
6 Marine resources
7 Water resources
8 Nuclear energy
9 Environmental rights
10 Farm and home ownership
11 Exclusive Economic Zone

Article XII Hawaiian Affairs

1 Hawaiian Homes Commission Act
2 Acceptance of compact
3 Compact adoption; procedures after adoption
4 Public trust
5 Office of Hawaiian Affairs; establishment of board of trustees
6 Powers of board of trustees
7 Traditional and customary rights

Article XIII Organization; Collective Bargaining

1 Private employees
2 Public employees

Article XIV Code of Ethics

Article XV State Boundaries; Capital; Flag; Language and Motto

1 Boundaries
2 Capital
3 State flag
4 Official languages
5 Motto

Article XVI General and Miscellaneous Provisions

1 Civil service
2 Employees' retirement system
3 Disqualifications from public office or employment
4 Oath of office
5 Intergovernmental relations
6 Federal lands
7 Compliance with trust
8 Administration of undisposed lands
9 Tax exemption of federal property
10 Hawaii national park
11 Judicial rights
12 Quieting title
13 Plain language
14 Titles, subtitles; construction
15 General power
16 Provisions are self-executing

Article XVII Revision and Amendment

1 Methods of proposal
2 Constitutional convention election of delegates
3 Amendments proposed by legislature
4 Veto
5 Conflicting revisions or amendments

Article XVIII Schedule

1 Districting and apportionment
2 1978 Senatorial elections
3 Salaries of legislators
4 Effective date for term limitations for governor and lieutenant governor
5 Judiciary: transition; effective date
6 Effective date and application of real property tax transfer
7 1978 Board of education elections
8 Effective date for Office of Hawaiian Affairs
9 Continuity of laws
10 Debts
11 Residence, other qualifications


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